1) Start with a normal forward stroke, but a quarter of the way through twist your top wrist (top hand) so your thumb points toward the bow. At the same time, bend in your bottom wrist (shaft hand) to gradually increase the pitch of your paddle blade for the last quarter of the forward motion.
2) At the end of the forward stroke, your top wrist should be bent forward and the paddle blade should be sideways in the water with the back of the blade pointing away from the canoe. In effect, the paddle is turned 90 degrees like in the J Stroke.
3) Without stopping the motion, slice your paddle sideways under the water toward the bow while keeping pressure on the outside of your paddle blade. This is where the correction is made.
4) In the last quarter of the back stroke, spin the paddle another 90 degrees counter-clockwise if paddling right (clockwise if paddling left). You should be back at the beginning of the first step when finished the paddle rotation.
This smooth stroke has the basic mechanics of the J but can propel you more quickly as the correction is made while reaching forward to begin another stroke. For this reason, it’s also an effective stroke for the stern paddler to use when paddling tandem. This is because it prevents the stern paddler from having to pause when making the correction at the end of each stroke, enabling them to keep up with a fast pace initiated by the bow paddler.
1) Start with a J-stroke
2) Once your thumb is pointing to the bow and the paddle is at 90-degrease, slice the paddle blade sideways through the water until about half way through the stroke.
3) Pull the paddle out of the water and begin the next forward stroke. The correction is done by pushing out on the paddle as it’s sliced back towards the beginning of the stroke.
Likely the easiest correction stroke to learn, but not a good one to use on flat water as it creates more drag and slows progress over the long haul. This strong stroke is best used in rapids.
1) At the end of your forward stroke, point the thumb of your top hand towards the stern, effectively pointing the front of your paddle blade directly away from the canoe.
2) Push away from the canoe to make the correction and repeat step 1. More power can be given to the correction by prying off the gunwale.
A combination between the Stern Pry and the Indian Stroke. The D stroke, which I incorrectly refer to as the C Stroke in this video, is an excellent stroke to use in whitewater and windy conditions. This is because the paddle blade never leaves the water, enabling the paddler to brace faster while retaining more over all control.
1) Like the Stern Pry, at the end of your forward stroke, point the thumb of your top hand towards the stern.
2) With the front of the paddle facing outwards, slice the blade sideways through the water to the beginning of the stroke and repeat.
Note: Make the correction during your back stroke as you slice the blade through the water. The blade stays submerged throughout the stroke.